Child Development

Child Development


Child Development is offered as an option at KS4, the specification we follow is AQA Home Economics Child Development.  Candidates will have the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of human needs in a diverse society.  Skills and knowledge acquired will be relevant and transferable, enhancing career opportunities and provide progression to GCE Health and Social Care.


 Specification at a glance

Unit 1 Written paper               100 marks – 40%

Unit 2 Research Task              30 marks – 20%

Unit 3 Child Study                 60 marks – 40%


The course is concerned with the growth and development of children from birth up to five and is divided into 5 mini sections.

  1. 1.      Parenthood – The family, planning for a family, preparing for a baby.
  2. 2.      Pregnancy – Reproduction, pregnancy, birth, newborn baby
  3. 3.      Diet, Health – Feeding, Child Health, Hygiene
  4. 4.      Development, Physical, Intellectual, Social, Emotional, Play
  5. 5.      Support for parents and child, Childcare provision.

Child Development

Year 9

In Year 9 the topics of The Family and Pregnancy will be studied


Section 1 The Family

Recognises the changing modern family and focuses on the importance of the family in meeting the needs of children.  Pupils learn that being a parent carries  huge responsibilities and should begin with planning and preparation.  The family unit must provide a safe, secure and stable environment for children to thrive.

Section 2 Pregnancy

Will focus on the male and female reproductive systems and puberty, pre-conceptual care, creating the very best conditions in which the foetus can grow.  Reducing risks such as a poor diet, smoking and alcohol.  Pupils will learn about contraception, signs of pregnancy and foetal development, the importance of antenatal care, the benefits of a healthy diet, exercise and rest.  Labour and birth is a topic where pupils consider choices, home or hospital birth and methods of pain relief.  The appearance and needs of the newborn are discussed as well as postnatal care.  Pupils will complete a series of projects and exam style questions as a form of assessment.

Child Development Year 9 Curriculum Overview

Year 10

In Year 10 pupils will study sections 3, diet and health and 5 support for parents and child.  They will also complete unit 2, a research study and take responsibility for caring for an electronic baby.

Section 3

Diet, health and care of the child requires pupils to develop knowledge and understanding of the following:- current dietary advice for feeding under 5’s, nutrition; breast and bottle feeding, weaning and developing healthy eating habits.  Child Health examines hygiene, bathing and changing, signs of illness, caring for a sick child and immunisation.

Section 5

Support for parent and child addresses such issues as childcare provision – in home or group care, early years education and sure start.

Unit 2 Research Study – Safe Outdoor Play

Pupils will carry out secondary and primary research investigating the importance of outdoor plan and the provision of safe outdoor play opportunities for children in Runcorn.  In conclusion pupils will provide an information booklet.

Real Care Parenting Program

Is an amazingly realistic infant simulation experience.  The program is intended to help students understand three important facts

  1. Each infant is unique and requires a great deal of love, time and affection
  2. Infants demands are unpredictable but must be met promptly
  3. Parenting responsibilities impact ones lifestyle profoundly and should only be taken on by someone prepared for that responsibility.

Babies require feeding, burping, rocking and changing.

Child Development Year 10 Curriculum Overview

Year 11

In Year 11 pupils will complete Section 4 Development.  They will also complete Unit 3 – A Child Observational study, spend time revising and practising exam technique.

Section 4 Development

This section will look at how children acquire the skills which will help them progress through life, how they learn to think, reason and understand.  The importance of self-esteem, coping with emotions and learning to share, respect and understand others.  This section requires pupils to have knowledge and understanding of the following:

Physical Development – factors influencing physical development, opportunities to play, fresh air, rest, sleep.  Gross motor skills, sitting, walking, running.  Fine motor skills -hand eye co-ordination and sensory skills.

Intellectual Development – Pupils will learn about cognitive development: imagination, creativity, memory, concepts and language skills.

Social and Emotional development: – considers the importance of socilaisation, accceptable behaviour and co-operation.

The Importance of Play – Types of play reading and technology are also addressed.

Year 11 pupils also complete a child study which involves working with a young child over a period of at least 6 months assessing developmental progress.

The child study includes:

Introductory visit, research element, creative play, Four visits, practical activities, e.g. drawing, painting, reading, making cakes, going to the park and a Final Evaluation.

Child Development Year 11 Curriculum Overview



Support Classes are offered at lunch and after school